大学英语六级阅读理全真模拟题汇总
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大学英语六级
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1、Mostofusaretaughttopayattentiontowhatissaid—thewords.Wordsdoprovideuswithsomeinformation,butmeaningsarederivedfromsomanyothersourcesthatitwouldhinderoureffectivenessasapartnertoarelationshiptorelytooheavilyonwordsalone.Wordsareusedtodescribeonlyasmallpartofthemanyideasweassociatewithanygivenmessage.Sometimeswecangaininsightintosomeofthoseassociationsifwelistenformorethanwords.Wedon’talwayssaywhatwemeanormeanwhatwesay.Sometimesourwordsdon’tmeananythingexcept“I’mlettingoffsomesteam.Idon’treallywantyoutopaycloseattentiontowhatI’msaying.JustpayattentiontowhatI’mfeeling.”Mostlywemeanseveralthingsatonce.Apersonwantingtopurchaseahousesaystothecurrentowner,“ThisstephastobefixedbeforeI’llbuy.”Theownersays,“It’sbeenlikethatforyears.”Actually,thestephasn’tbeenlikethatforyears,buttheunspokenmessageis:“Idon’twanttofixit.Weputupwithit.Whycan’tyou?”Thesearchforamoreexpansiveviewofmeaningcanbedevelopedofexaminingamessageintermsofwhosaidit,whenitoccurred,therelatedconditionsorsituation,andhowitwassaid. Whenamessageoccurscanalsorevealassociatedmeaning.Letusassumetwocouplesdoexactlythesameamountofkissingandarguing.Butonecouplealwayskissesafteranargumentandtheothercouplealwaysarguesafterakiss.Theorderingofthebehaviorsmaymeanagreatdealmorethanthefrequencyofthebehavior.Afriend’sunusuallydocilebehaviormayonlybeunderstoodbynotingthatitwasprecededbysituationsthatrequiredanabnormalamountofassertiveness.Someresponsesmaybedirectlylinkedtoadevelopingpatternofresponsesanddefylogic.Forexample,apersonwhosays“No!”toaserialsofchargeslike“You’redumb,”“You’relazy,”and“You’redishonest,”mayalsosay“No!”andtrytojustifyhisorherresponseifthenextstatementis“Andyou’regoodlooking.” Wewoulddowelltolistenforhowmessagesarepresented.Thewords,“Ifsurehasbeennicetohaveyouover,”canbesaidwithemphasisandexcitementorritualistically.Thephrasecanbesaidonceorrepeatedseveraltimes.Andthemeaningsweassociatewiththephrasewillchangeaccordingly.Sometimesifwesaysomethinginfrequentlyitassumesmoreimportance;sometimesthemorewesaysomethingthelessimportanceitassumes. 1.Effectivecommunicationisrenderedpossiblebetweentwoconversingpartners,if___. A.theyuseproperwordstocarrytheirideas. B.theybothspeaktrulyoftheirownfeelings. C.theytrytounderstandeachother’sideasbeyondwords. D.theyarecapableofassociatingmeaningwiththeirwords. 2.“I’mlettingoffsomesteam”inparagraph1means___. A.I’mjustcallingyourattention. B.I’mjustkidding. C.I’mjustsayingtheopposite. D.I’mjustgivingoffsomesound. 3.Thehouse-owner’sexampleshowsthatheactuallymeans___. A.thestephasbeenlikethatforyears. B.hedoesn’tthinkitnecessarytofixthestep. C.theconditionofthestepisonlyaminorfault. D.thecostinvolvedinthefixingshouldbeshared. 4.Someresponsesandbehaviorsmayappearveryillogical,butarejustifiableif___. A.linkedtoanabnormalamountofassertiveness. B.seenasone’shabitualpatternofbehavior. C.takenaspartofanorderingsequence. D.expressedtoaseriesofcharges. 5.Theword“ritualistically”inthelastparagraphequalssomethingdone___. A.withouttrueintention. B.light-heartedly. C.inawayofceremony. D.withlessemphasis.
2、Recentresearchhasclaimedthatanexcessofpositiveionsintheaircanhaveanilleffectonpeople’sphysicalorpsychologicalhealth.Whatarepositiveions?Well,theairisfullofions,electricallychargedparticles,andgenerallythereisaroughbalancebetweenthepositiveandthenegativecharged.Butsometimesthisbalancebecomesdisturbedandalargerproportionofpositiveionsarefound.Thishappensnaturallybeforethunderstorm,earthquakeswhenwindssuchastheMistral,HamsinorSharavareblowingincertaincountries.Oritcanbecausedbyabuild-upofstaticelectricityindoorsfromcarpetsorclothingmadeofman-madefibres,orfromTVsets,duplicatorsorcomputerdisplayscreens. Whenalargenumberofpositiveionsarepresentintheairmanypeopleexperienceunpleasanteffectssuchasheadaches,fatigue,irritability,andsomesensitivepeoplesuffernauseaorevenmentaldisturbance.Animalsarealsoaffected,particularlybeforeearthquakes,snakeshavebeenobservedtocomeoutofhibernation,ratstofleefromtheirburrows,dogshowlandcatsjumpaboutunaccountably.ThishasledtheUSGeographicalSurveytofundanetworkofvolunteerstowatchanimalsinanefforttoforeseesuchdisastersbeforetheyhitvulnerableareassuchasCalifornia. Conversely,whenlargenumbersofnegativeionsarepresent,thenpeoplehaveafeelingofwell-being.Naturalconditionsthatproducetheselargeamountsarenearthesea,closetowaterfallsorfountains,orinanyplacewherewaterissprayed,orformsaspray.Thisprobablyaccountsforthebeneficialeffectofaholidaybythesea,orinthemountainswithtumblingstreamsorwaterfalls. Toincreasethesupplyofnegativeionsindoors,somescientistsrecommendtheuseofionisers:smallportablemachines,whichgeneratenegativeions.Theyclaimthationisersnotonlycleanandrefreshtheairbutalsoimprovethehealthofpeoplesensitivetoexcesspositiveions.Ofcourse,therearethedetractors,otherscientists,whodismisssuchclaimsandareskepticalaboutnegative/positiveionresearch.Thereforepeoplecanonlymakeuptheirownmindsbyobservingtheeffectsonthemselves,oronothers,ofanegativerichorpoorenvironment.Afterallitisdebatablewhetherdependingonseismicreadingstoanticipateearthquakesismoreeffectivethanwatchingthecat. 1.Whateffectdoesexceedingpositiveionizationhaveonsomepeople? A.Theythinktheyareinsane. B.Theyfeelratherbad-temperedandshort-fussed. C.Theybecomeviolentlysick. D.Theyaretootiredtodoanything. 2.Inaccordancewiththepassage,staticelectricitycanbecausedby___. A.usinghome-madeelectricalgoods. B.wearingclothesmadeofnaturalmaterials. C.walkingonartificialfloorcoverings. D.copyingTVprogramsonacomputer. 3.Ahighnegativeioncountislikelytobefound___. A.nearapoundwithawaterpump. B.closetoaslow-flowingriver. C.highinsomebarrenmountains. D.byarotatingwatersprinkler. 4.Whatkindofmachinecangeneratenegativeionsindoors? A.Ionisers. B.Air-conditioners. C.Exhaust-fans D.Vacuumpumps. 5.Somescientistsbelievethat___. A.watchinganimalstoanticipateearthquakesismoreeffectivethandependingonseismography. B.theunusualbehaviorofanimalscannotbetrusted. C.neitherwatchingnorusingseismographsisreliable. D.earthquake
3、Onceitwaspossibletodefinemaleandfemaleroleseasilybythedivisionoflabor.Menworkedoutsidethehomeandearnedtheincometosupporttheirfamilies,whilewomencookedthemealsandtookcareofthehomeandthechildren.Theseroleswerefirmlyfixedformostpeople,andtherewasnotmuchopportunityforwomentoexchangetheirroles.Butbythemiddleofthiscentury,men’sandwomen’sroleswerebecominglessfirmlyfixed. Inthe1950s,economicandsocialsuccesswasthegoalofthetypicalAmerican.Butinthe1960sanewforcedevelopedcalledthecounterculture.Thepeopleinvolvedinthismovementdidnotvaluethemiddle-classAmericangoals.Thecounterculturepresentedmenandwomenwithnewrolechoices.Takingmoreinterestinchildcare,menbegantosharechild-raisingtaskswiththeirwives.Infact,someyoungmenandwomenmovedtocommunalhomesorfarmswheretheeconomicandchildcareresponsibilitiesweresharedequallybybothsexes.Inaddition,manyAmericansdidnotvaluethetraditionalmaleroleofsoldier.SomeyoungmenrefusedtobedraftedassoldierstofightinthewarinVietnam. Intermsofnumbers,thecounterculturewasnotaverylargegroupofpeople.ButitsinfluencespreadtomanypartsofAmericansociety.Workingmenofallclassesbegantochangetheireconomicandsocialpatterns.Industrialworkersandbusinessexecutivesalikecutdownon“overtime”worksothattheycouldspendmoreleisuretimewiththeirfamilies.Somedoctors,lawyers,andteachersturnedawayfromhighpayingsituationstopracticetheirprofessionsinpoorerneighborhoods. Inthe1970s,thefeministmovement,orwomen’sliberation,producedadditionaleconomicandsocialchanges.Womenofallagesandatalllevelsofsocietywereenteringtheworkforceingreaternumbers.Mostofthemstilltooktraditionalwomen’sjobsaspublicschoolteaching,nursing,andsecretarialwork.Butsomewomenbegantoentertraditionallymaleoccupations:policework,banking,dentistry,andconstructionwork.Womenwereaskingforequalwork,andequalopportunitiesforpromotion. Todaytheexpertsgenerallyagreethatimportantchangesaretakingplaceintherolesofmenandwomen.Naturally,therearedifficultiesinadjustingtothesetransformations. 1.WhichofthefollowingbestexpressthemainideaofParagraph1? A.Womenusuallyworkedoutsidethehomeforwages. B.Menandwomen’sroleswereeasilyexchangedinthepast. C.Men’srolesathomeweremorefirmlyfixedthanwomen’s. D.Menandwomen’sroleswereusuallyquiteseparatedinthepast. 2.WhichsentencebestexpressesthemainideaofParagraph2? A.Thefirstsentence. B.Thesecondandthethirdsentences. C.Thefourthsentence. D.Thelastsentence. 3.Inthepassagetheauthorproposesthatthecounterculture___. A.destroyedtheUnitedStates. B.transformedsomeAmericanvalues. C.wasnotimportantintheUnitedStates. D.broughtpeoplemoreleisuretimewiththeirfamilies. 4.Itcouldbeinferredfromthepassagethat___. A.menandwomenwillneversharethesamegoals. B.somemenwillbewillingtoexchangetheirtraditionalmaleroles. C.mostmenwillbehappytosharesomeofthehouseholdresponsibilitieswiththeirwives. D.moreAmericanhouseholdsareheadedbywomenthaneverbefore. 5.Thebesttitleforthepassagemaybe___. A.ResultsofFeministMovements B.NewinfluenceinAmericanLife C.CountercultureandItsconsequence D.TraditionalDivisionofMaleandFemaleRoles.
4、IliveinthelandofDisney,Hollywoodandyear-roundsun.Youmaythinkpeopleinsuchaglamorous,fun-filledplacearehappierthanothers.Ifso,youhavesomemistakenideasaboutthenatureofhappiness. Manyintelligentpeoplestillequatehappinesswithfun.Thetruthisthatfunandhappinesshavelittleornothingincommon.Funiswhatweexperienceduringanact.Happinessiswhatweexperienceafteranact.Itisadeeper,moreabidingemotion. Goingtoanamusementparkorballgame,watchingamovieortelevision,arefunactivitiesthathelpusrelax,temporarilyforgetourproblemsandmaybeevenlaugh.Buttheydonotbringhappiness,becausetheirpositiveeffectsendwhenthefunends. IhaveoftenthoughtthatifHollywoodstarshavearoletoplay,itistoteachusthathappinesshasnothingtodowithfun.Theserich,beautifulindividualshaveconstantaccesstoglamorousparties,fancycars,expensivehomes,everythingthatspells“happiness”.Butinmemoiraftermemoir,celebritiesrevealtheunhappinesshiddenbeneathalltheirfun:depression,alcoholism,drugaddiction,brokenmarriages,troubledchildrenandprofoundloneliness. Askabachelorwhyheresistsmarriageeventhoughhefindsdatingtobelessandlesssatisfying.Ifhe’shonest,hewilltellyouthatheisafraidofmakingacommitment.Forcommitmentisinfactquitepainful.Thesinglelifeisfilledwithfun,adventureandexcitement.Marriagehassuchmoments,buttheyarenotitsmostdistinguishingfeatures. Similarly,couplesthatchoosenottohavechildrenaredecidinginfavorofpainlessfunoverpainfulhappiness.Theycandineoutevertheywantandsleepaslateastheywant.Coupleswithinfantchildrenareluckytogetawholenight’ssleeporathree-dayvacation.Idon’tknowanyparentwhowouldchoosethewordfuntodescriberaisingchildren. Understandingandacceptingthattruehappinesshasnothingtodowithfunisoneofthemostliberatingrealizationswecanevercometo.Itliberatestime:nowwecandevotemorehourstoactivitiesthatcangenuinelyincreaseourhappiness.Itliberatesmoney:buyingthatnewcarorthosefancyclothesthatwilldonothingtoincreaseourhappinessnowseemspointless.Anditliberatesusfromenvy:wenowunderstandthatallthoserichandglamorouspeopleweweresosurearehappybecausetheyarealwayshavingsomuchfunactuallymaynotbehappyatall. 1.Whichofthefollowingistrue? A.Funcreateslong-lastingsatisfaction. B.Funprovidesenjoymentwhilepainleadstohappiness. C.Happinessisenduringwhereasfunisshort-lived. D.Funthatislong-standingmayleadtohappiness. 2.Totheauthor,Hollywoodstarsallhaveanimportantroletoplaythatisto__. A.ritememoiraftermemoirabouttheirhappiness. B.tellthepublicthathappinesshasnothingtodowithfun. C.teachpeoplehowtoenjoytheirlives. D.bringhappinesstothepublicinsteadofgoingtoglamorousparties. 3.Intheauthor’sopinion,marriage___. A.affordsgreaterfun. B.leadstoraisingchildren. C.indicatescommitment. D.endsinpain. 4.Coupleshavinginfantchildren___. A.areluckysincetheycanhaveawholenight’ssleep. B.findfunintuckingthemintobedatnight. C.findmoretimetoplayandjokewiththem. D.derivehappinessfromtheirendeavor. 5.Ifonegetthemeaningofthetruesenseofhappiness,hewill__. A.stopplayinggamesandjokingwithothers. B.makethebestuseofhistimeincreasinghappiness. C.giveafreehandtomoney. D.keephimselfwithhisfamily.
5、Wecanbeginourdiscussionof“populationasglobalissue”withwhatmostpersonsmeanwhentheydiscuss“thepopulationproblem”:toomanypeopleonearthandatoorapidincreaseinthenumberaddedeachyear.Thefactsarenotindispute,Itwasquiterighttoemploytheanalogythatlikeneddemographicgrowthto“along,thinpowderfusethatburnssteadilyandhaltinglyuntilitfinallyreachesthechargeandexplodes.” Tounderstandthecurrentsituation,whichischaracterizedbyrapidincreasesinpopulation,itisnecessarytounderstandthehistoryofpopulationtrends.Rapidgrowthisacomparativelyrecentphenomenon.Lookingbackatthe8,000yearsofdemographichistory,wefindthatpopulationshavebeenvirtuallystableorgrowingveryslightlyformostofhumanhistory.Formostofourancestors,lifewashard,oftennasty,andveryshort.Therewashighfertilityinmostplaces,butthiswasusuallybalancedbyhighmortality.Formostofhumanhistory,itwasseldomthecasethatoneintenpersonswouldlivepastforty,whileinfancyandchildhoodwereespeciallyriskyperiods.Often,societieswereincleardangerofextinctionbecausedeathratescouldexceedtheirbirthrates.Thus,thepopulationproblemthroughoutmostofhistorywashowtopreventextinctionofthehumanrace. Thispatternisimportanttonotice.Notonlydoesitputthecurrentproblemsofdemographicgrowthintoahistoricalperspective,butitsuggeststhatthecauseofrapidincreaseinpopulationinrecentyearsisnotasuddenenthusiasmformorechildren,butanimprovementintheconditionsthattraditionallyhavecausedhighmortality. Demographichistorycanbedividedintotwomajorperiods:atimeoflong,slowgrowthwhichextendedfromabout8,000BC.tillapproximatelyAD.1650.Inthefirstperiodofsome9600years,thepopulationincreasedfromsome8millionto500millionin1650.Between1650andthepresent,thepopulationhasincreasedfrom500milliontomorethan4billion.Anditisestimatedthatbytheyear2000therewillbe6.2billionpeoplethroughouttheworld.Onewaytoappreciatethisdramaticdifferenceinsuchabstractnumbersistoreducethetimeframetosomethingthatismoremanageable.Between8000BCand1650,anaverageofonly50,000personswasbeingaddedannuallytotheworld’spopulationeachyear.Atpresent,thisnumberisaddedeverysixhours.Theincreaseisabout80,000,000personsannually. 1.Whichofthefollowingdemographicgrowthpatternismostsuitableforthelongthinpowderfuseanalogy? A.Avirtuallystableorslightlydecreasingperiodandthenasuddenexplosionofpopulation. B.Aslowgrowthforalongtimeandthenaperiodofrapid,dramaticincrease. C.Toomanypeopleonearthandafewrapidincreaseinthenumberaddedeachyear. D.Alongperiodwhendeathratesexceedsbirthratesandthenashortperiodwithhigherfertilityandlowermortality. 2.Duringthefirstperiodofdemographichistory,societieswereoftenindangerofextinctionbecause___. A.onlyoneintenpersonscouldlivepast40. B.therewashighermortalitythanfertilityinmostplaces. C.itwastoodangeroustohavebabiesduetothepoorconditions. D.ourancestorshadlittleenthusiasmformorechildren. 3.Whichstatementistrueaboutpopulationincrease? A.Theremightbeanincreaseof2.2billionpersonsfromnowtotheyear2000. B.About50,000babiesareborneverysixhoursatpresent. C.Between8000BCandthepresent,thepopulationincreaseisabout80,000,000personseachyear. D.Thepopulationincreasedfasterbetween8000BCand1650thanbetween1650andthepresent. 4.Theauthorofthepassageintendsto___. A.warnpeopleagainstthepopulationexplosioninthenearfuture. B.comparethedemographicgrowthpatterninthepastwiththatafter1650. C.findoutthecauseforrapidincreaseinpopulationinrecentyears. D.presentusaclearandcompletepictureofthedemographicgrowth. 5.Theword“demographic”inthefirstparagraphmeans___. A.statisticsofhuman. B.surroundingsstudy. C.accumulationofhuman. D.developmentofhuman.
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