2019年12月大学英语四级考试模拟试题及答案(二)
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1、PartIReadingComprehension Passage1 Questions1to5arebasedonthefollowingpassage: InWashingtonD.C.,1600PennsylvaniaAvenueisaveryspecialaddress.ItistheaddressoftheWhiteHouse,thehomeofthepresidentoftheUnitedStates. OriginallytheWhiteHousewasgrayandwascalledthePresidentialPalace.Itwasbuiltfrom1792to1800.atthistime,thecityofWashingtonitselfwasbeingbuilt;itwastobethenation’snewcapitalcity.GeorgeWashington,thefirstpresident,andPierreCharlesL’Enfant,aFrenchengineer,chosetheplaceforthenewcity.L’Enfantthenplannedtheycity.Thepresident’shomewasanimportantpartoftheplan. Acontestwasheldtopickadesignforthepresident’shome.AnarchitectnamedJamesHobanwon.Hedesignedalargethree-storyhouseofgraystone. PresidentWashingtonneverlivedinthePresidentPalace.ThefirstpresidenttolivetherewasJohnAdams,thesecondpresidentoftheUnitedStates,andhiswifeMrs.Adamsdidnotreallylikehewnewhouse.Inherletters,sheoftencomplainedaboutthecold.Fiftyfireplaceswerenotenoughtokeepthehousewarm! In1812theUnitedStatesandBritainwenttowar.In1814theBritishinvadedWashington.Theuburnedmanybuildings,includingthePresidentialPalace. AfterthewarJamesHoban,theoriginalarchitect,partiallyrebuiltthepresident’shomes.Tocoverthemarksofthefire,thebuildingwaspaintedwhite.BeforelongitbecameknownastheWhiteHouse. TheWhiteHouseisoneofthemostpopulartouristattractionsintheUnitedStates.Everyyearmorethan1.5millionvisitorsgothroughthefiveroomsthatareopentothepublic. 1.TheWhiteHousewasbuiltinWashington. A.becauseaFrenchengineerwasinvitedtodesignit B.becausePresidentGeorgeWashingtonlikedtoliveinit C.becausetheBritishinvaderslivedinitin1812-1814 D.becauseitwastobethenation’scapitalcity 2.ThePresidentialPalacewas. A.paintedgrayandwhiteB.madeofgraystone C.madeofwhitestoneD.madeverywarminwinter 3.Thepresident’shomeandthecityofWashingtonwere. A.builtbytheAmericanarmyB.builtbytheBritishtroops C.plannedbyGeorgeWashingtonD.plannedbytheFrench 4.Theoriginalhomeofthepresidentneededtoberebuilt. A.becauseJohnAdam’swifedidnotlikeit B.becauseitwascoldinwinterevenwith50fireplaces C.becauseithadburneddownduringthewar D.becauseGeorgeWashingtonwasnotwillingtoliveinit 5.Thenewpresidentialhomewaspaintedwhiteto. A.coverthemarksoffireB.attracttouristfromFrance C.topleaseMrs.JohnAdamsD.keepitwarminwinter
2、Passage2 Questions6to10arebasedonthefollowingpassage: Therearetwokindsofmemory:shot-termandlong-term.Informationinlong-termmemorycanberememberedatalatertimewhenitisneeded.Theinformationmaybekeptfordaysorweeks.However,informationoverandover.Thefollowingexperimentshowshowshort-termmemoryhasbeenstudied. HenningstudiedhowstudentswhoarelearningEnglishasasecondlanguageremembervocabulary.Thesubjectsinhisexperimentwere75collegestudents.TheyrepresentedalllevelsofabilityinEnglish:beginning,intermediate,andnative-speakingstudents. Tobegin,thesubjectslistenedtoarecordingofanativespeakerreadingaparagraphinEnglish.Followingtherecording,thesubjectstooka15-questiontesttoseewhichwordstheyremembered,eachquestionhadfourchoices.Thesubjectshadtocirclethewordtheyhadheardintherecording.Someofthequestionshadfourchoicesthatsoundalike.Forexample,weather,whether,wither,andwetterarefourwordsthatsoundalike.Someofthequestionshadfourchoicesthathavethesamemeaning.Method,way,manner,andsystemwouldbefourwordswiththesamemeaning.Finallythesubjectstookalanguageproficiencytest. HenningfoundthatstudentswithalowerproficiencyinEnglishmademoreoftheirmistakesonwordsthatsoundalike;studentswithahigherproficiencymademoreoftheirmistakesonwordsthathavethesamemeaning.Henning’sresultssuggestthatbeginningstudentsholdthesoundofwordsintheirshort-termmemory,andadvancedstudentsholdthemeaningofwordsintheirshort-termmemory. 6.Henningmadetheexperimentinordertostudy. A.howstudentsrememberEnglishvocabularybyshort-termmemory B.howstudentslearnEnglishvocabulary C.howtodevelopstudents’abilityinEnglish D.howlonginformationinshort-termmemoryiskept 7.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEaccordingtothepassage? A.Informationinshort-termmemoryisdifferentfromthatinlong-termmemory. B.Long-termmemorycanbeachievedonlybytraining. C.Itiseasiertotestshort-termmemorythanlong-termmemory. D.Henninggaveaseparatetestonvocabularytohisstudents. 8.FromHenning’sresultwecanseethat. A.beginnershavedifficultydistinguishingthepronunciationofwords B.advancedstudentsrememberwordsbytheirmeaning C.itisdifficulttorememberwordsthatsoundalike D.itisdifficulttorememberwordsthathavethesamemeaning 9.Theword“subjects”inthepassagemeans. A.memoryB.thethemeoflisteningmaterial C.abranchofknowledgestudiedD.thestudentsexperimentedon
3、Passage3 Questions11to15arebasedonthefollowingpassage: Thecowboyistheheroofmanymovies,.Heis,eventoday,asymbolofcourageandadventure.Butwhatwasthelifeofthecowboyreallylike? Thecowboy’sjobisclearfromthewordcowboy.Cowboyweremenwhotookcareofcowsandothercattle.ThecattlewereintheWestandinTexas.PeopleinthecitiesoftheEastwantedbeefthesecattle.Trainscouldtakethecattleeast.Butfirstthecattlehadtogettothetrains.Partofthecowboy’sjobwastotakethecattlehundredsofmilestotherailroadtown.Thetripswerecalledcattledrivers.Acattledriveusuallytookseveralmonths.Cowboysrodeforsixteenhoursaday.Becausetheyrodesomuch,eachcowboybroughtalongabouteighthorses.Acowboychangedhorsesseveraltimeseachday. Thecowboyshadtomakesurethatcattlearrivedsafely.Beforestartingonadrive,thecowboysbrandedthecattle.Theyburnedamarkonthecattletoshowwhotheybelongedto.Butthesemarksdidn’tstoprustlers,orcattlethieves.Cowboyshadtoprotectthecattlefromrustlers.Rustlersmadethedangeroustripevenmoredangerous. Eventhoughtheirworkwasverydifficultanddangerous,cowboysdidnotearnmuchmoney.Theywerepaidbadly.Yetcowboyslikedtheirwayoflife.Theylivedinawildandopencountry.Theylivedalifeofadventureandfreedom. 11.Acowboyisasymbolof. A.courageandadventureB.ahardlifeandbigpay C.moviesinthepastD.cowsandothercattle 12.Thecowboys’jobwas. A.tobeaheroinreallifeB.tobeaheroofthemovie C.totakecareofcattleD.tobeadangerousrustler 13.Duringacattledriver,cowboystookagroupofcowsfromawildandopencountryto. A.theWeststatesandTexasB.thecitiesoftheEastStates C.thepeoplewhoeatbeefincitiesD.therailroadtownshundredmilesaway 14.Ontheirwayofcattledrivers,thecowboysprotectedthecattleby. A.burningamarkontheircowsB.keepinganeyeoncattlethieves C.makingthetripmoredangerousD.lookingaftereightcowseachperson 15.Cowboysenjoyedthemselvesbecause. A.theylikedtheirwayoflifeB.theymadealotofmoney C.theyhadavarydifficultjobD.theywereheroesinmovies
4、Passage4 Questions16to20arebasedonthefollowingpassage: Successfulinnovationshavedrivenmanyoldertechnologiestoextinctionandhaveresultedinhigherproductivity,greaterconsumptionofenergy,increaseddemandofrawmaterials,acceleratedflowofmaterialsthroughtheeconomyandincreasedquantitiesofmetalsandothersubstancesinuseeachperson.Thehistoryofindustrialdevelopmentaboundswithexamples. In1870,horsesandmulesweretheprimesourceofpoweronU.S.farms.Onehorseormulewasrequiredtosupportfourhumanbeingsaratiothatremainedalmostconstantformanydecades.Atthattime,hadanationalcommissionbeenaskedtoforecastthepopulationfor1970,itsanswerprobablywouldhavedependedonwhetheritsconsultantswereofaneconomicortechnologicalturnofmind.Hadtheybeen“economists”,theywouldprobablyhaveprojectedthe1970horsesormulepopulationtobemorethan50million.Hadtheybeen“technologists”,theywouldhaverecognizedthatthepowerofsteamhadalreadybeenharnessedtoindustryandtolearnandoceantransport.Theywouldhaverecognizedfurtherthatitwouldbetheprimesourceofpoweronthefarm.Itwouldhavebeendifficultforthemtoavoidtheconclusionthatthehorseandmulepopulationwoulddeclinerapidly. 16.Accordingtothepassage,whatsuppliedmostofthepoweronU.S.farmsin1870? A.AnimalsB.HumansC.EnginesD.Water 17.WhichofthefollowingisNOTmentionedbytheauthorasaconsequenceofnewtechnologicaldevelopments? A.Oldertechnologiesdieaway. B.ThequalityoflifeisImproved. C.Overallproductivityincrease. D.Morerawmaterialsbecomenecessary. 18.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatby1870. A.technologybegantobemoreeconomical B.thesteamenginehadbeeninvented C.theU.S.horsepopulationwasabout10million D.anationalcommissionwasabout10million 19.Inthesecondparagraph,theauthorsuggeststhat“economists”would. A.plantheeconomythroughyearlyforecasts B.failtoconsidertheinfluenceoftechnologicalinnovation C.valuetheeconomiccontributionoffarmanimals D.consultthenationalcommissionontheeconomy 20.Whatistheauthor’sattitudetowardchangesbroughtonbytechnologicalinnovations? A.Heisexcitedaboutthem. B.Heacceptthemasnatural. C.Heisdisturbedbythem. D.Hequestionstheirusefulness.
5、PartIIVocabularyandStructure Directions:Inthisparttherearefortyincompletesentences.Eachsentenceisfollowedbyfourchoices.ChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceandthenmarkyouranswerontheAnswerSheet. 21.thedifficultiesassociatedwiththeproject,we’llgoonwithit. A.GivenB.InspiteofC.ThanktoD.Becauseof 22.Itwasalmostdarkinthestreetsafewverypowerfulspotlights. A.excludingB.butforC.exceptD.exceptfor 23.today,hewouldgettherebyFriday. A.WouldheleaveB.Ifheleaves C.WasheleavingD.Werehetoleave 24.Hegavemesomeveryadviceonbuyingahouse. A.preciousB.expensiveC.wealthyD.dear 25.Hisgoalisnottobecomeasportsman,achampioninacertainfield. A.butratherbecameB.butrathertobecome C.butratherbecomingD.butrathertobecoming 26.Ijustmetheronthewayhomefromthebookstore. A.onpurposeB.byaccidentC.inaccidentD.incase 27.Idon’tknowabouthim,commentonhimbehindhisback. A.letaloneB.letgoC.leavealoneD.takeleave 28.Mytransistorradioisoutoforder.It. A.needtoberepairedB.needrepairing C.needsrepairingD.needstorepair 29.Noonecouldtellusanythingaboutthestranger. A.consciousB.mysteriousC.seriousD.previous 30.Maryallfoolishcommentsandkeptonworking. A.excludedB.ignoredC.deniedD.discharged 31.Iagreewithhim,butnotentirely. A.untilacertainpointB.tosomepoint C.tosomeextentD.untilacertainextent 32.Peopleinsomepartsoftheworldoftentaketheirwaterfor.theyuseasmuchwaterastheywish. A.grantedB.sureC.certainD.pleasure 33.Color-blindpeopleoftenfinditdifficulttobetweenblueandgreen. A.separateB.compareC.contrastD.distinguish 34.Thousandsofpeopleonthecitytowelcomethevisitingguests. A.turnedoffB.turnedupC.turnedoutD.turnedover 35.Themountainplaceisbeautiful,buttheworkingconditions,it’sterrible. A.whenmentionedB.whenitcomesto C.whenitissaidD.whenitdiesto 36.Areyouspendingmoremoneyonthespaceprogram? A.infavorofB.byfavorofC.infavortoD.outoffavor 37.Intheofmyparents,standardsofeducationinthepublicschoolareactuallyfalling. A.ideaB.thoughtC.opinionD.principle 38.fromspace,ourearth,withwatercovering70%ofitssurface,appearsasa“blueplanet”. A.SeeingB.TobeseenC.SeenD.havingseen 39.Thisyear’stotaloutputvalueofindustryandagriculturewillincrease5percentoverlastyears. A.byB.toC.ofD.with 40.Maryisthetopstudentintheclass.Shestudiesharder. A.thananystudentB.thanallthestudents C.thananyotherstudentD.thansomeotherstudent 41.Manypeoplehaveappliedfortheposition. A.emptyB.bareC.vacantD.blank 42.Mynewshoescostme50yuan(RMB).ThepricewasthatthelastpairIboughtamonthago. A.twotimemorethanB.twiceasmuchas C.astwiceD.asmuchastwice 43.Almosteveryonefailedonthefirstday. A.passhisdriver’stestB.tohavepassedhisdriver’stest C.topasshisdriver’stestD.passinghisdriver’stest 44.Overthetraditionalfestivalpeoplevisiteachotherandgreetings. A.exchangeB.wishC.congratulateD.present 45.Itwasbecausehewastiredoutthathefellasleepstandingup. A.publiclyB.openlyC.speciallyD.obviously 46.Theyoungmanwasaccusedoftheladyofhermoney. A.stealingB.robbingC.takingD.grasping 47.NomatterwhereourPartyneedsus,wewillhercall. A.giveanswerforB.respondto C.haveresponsetoD.answerto 48.Itisastonishingthatapersonofyourintelligencebecheatedsoeasily. A.couldB.shouldC.mightD.would 49.Wewerecompletelywhenwefinallyreachedthedestination. A.wornoffB.worndownC.wornoutD.wornaway 50.Manythingsimpossibleinthepastarecommontoday. A.consideredB.toconsiderC.consideringD.tobeconsidered 51.Notuntilmanyyearslaterknown. A.wasthewholetruthbecomeB.didthewholetruthbecome C.thewholetruthbecameD.thewholetruthhadbecame 52.Wedidn’tknowhistelephonenumber,otherwisewehim. A.wouldtelephoneB.wouldhavetelephoned C.hadtelephonedD.musthavetelephoned 53.Thereisnopointwithhim,sincehehasalreadymadeuphismind. A.argueB.toargueC.inarguingD.ofarguing 54.Iappreciatethatletterforme. A.youtowriteB.yourwritingC.youwriteD.thatyouwriting 55.I’dliketoaspecialseatfortheconnectofMay5. A.serveB.reserveC.preserveD.conserve 56.thatsoniswellagain,younolongerhaveanythingtoworryabout. A.SinceB.NowC.WhenD.After 57.Generallyspeaking,allkindsofmaterialswillexpandwhenheatedbutwillwhencooled. A.contrastB.contractC.surviveD.return 58.Youwon’tknowifitfitsyouuntilyouiton. A.willtryB.aretryingC.aretotryD.havetried 59.Afteralleffortsinvain,hehadtoaccepttheresult. A.regularlyB.shallowlyC.physicallyD.painfully 60.Therestofhislifeistothecauseofinternationalexchangesofvisitingscholars. A.addedB.putC.savedD.committed
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